What is Child Abuse?

Child abuse is doing or failing to do something that results in harm or risk of harm to a child.

 Types of Child Abuse?

  • Sexual
  • Physical
  • Neglect
  • Emotional

Sexual Abuse

  • Any sexual activity that a child cannot comprehend or consent to.
  • Includes:
    • Fondling
    • Oral-genital contact
    • Genital and anal intercourse
    • Exhibitionism
    • Voyeurism
    • Exposure to pornography

 Physical Abuse

  • Occurs when a child’s body is injured as a result of hitting, kicking, shaking, burning, or other show of force.

Neglect

  • Includes:
    • physical neglect (failing to provide food, clothing, shelter, or other physical necessities)
    • emotional neglect (failing to provide love, comfort, or affection)
    • medical neglect (failing to provide needed medical care)

 Emotional Abuse

  • Results from all of the above.
  • Can be associated with verbal abuse, which can harm a child’s self-worth or emotional well-being.

Did You Know?

  • Most often children are abused by a caregiver or someone they know, not a stranger.
  • 1 in 20 children have been physically abused in their lifetime.
  • The majority of cases reported to Child Protective Services involve neglect, followed by physical and sexual abuse.
  • Studies have suggested that up to one in four girls and one in six boys will be sexually abused before they are eighteen years old.

More information can be found on the following pages: